Portrait Photographers in Miami Florida Celebrity Portrait Photography.
Portrait photography - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Portrait photography or portraiture is photography of a person or group of people that displays the expression, personality, and mood of the subject. Like other types of portraiture, the focus of the photograph is usually the person's face, although the entire body and the background or context may be included. HistoryThe relatively low cost of the daguerreotype in the middle of the 1. The style of these early works reflected the technical challenges associated with long exposure times and the painterly aesthetic of the time. Subjects were generally seated against plain backgrounds and lit with the soft light of an overhead window and whatever else could be reflected with mirrors. Advances in photographic equipment and techniques developed, and gave photographers the ability to capture images with shorter exposure times and the making of portraits outside the studio.
Miami portrait photographer Brian Smith's award-winning celebrity portrait photography. Commercial photographers in Miami Florida. If you’re getting serious about portrait photography, consider investing in a moderate telephoto lens. Here’s a round-up of the best.
Lighting for portraiture. Winter portrait of a 1. When portrait photographs are composed and captured in a studio, the photographer has control over the lighting of the composition of the subject and can adjust direction and intensity of light. There are many ways to light a subject's face, but there are several common lighting plans which are easy enough to describe.
Three- point lightingOne of the most basic lighting plans is called three- point lighting. This plan uses three (and sometimes four) lights to fully model (bring out details and the three- dimensionality of) the subject's features. The three main lights used in this light plan are as follows: Key- LightAlso called a main light, the key light is usually placed to one side of the subject's face, between 3. The purpose of the Key- Light is to give shape (modelling) to a subject, typically a face. This relies on the first principle of lighting, white comes out of a plane and black goes back into a plane. The depth of shadow created by the Main- Light can be controlled with a Fill- Light.
Fill- in lightIn modern photography, the fill- in light is used to control the contrast in the scene and is nearly always placed above the lens axis and is a large light source (think of the sky behind your head when taking a photograph). As the amount of light is less than the key- light (main- light), the fill acts by lifting the shadows only (particularly relevant in digital photography where the noise lives in the shadows).
It is true to say that light bounces around a room and fills in the shadows but this does not mean that a fill- light should be placed opposite a key- light (main- light) and it does not soften shadows, it lifts them. The relative intensity (ratio) of the Key- light to the fill- light is most easily discussed in terms of "Stops" difference (where a Stop is a doubling or halving of the intensity of light). A 2 Stop reduction in intensity for the Fill- Light would be a typical start point to maintain dimensionality (modelling) in a portrait (head and shoulder) shot. Accent- LightAccent- lights serve the purpose of accentuating a subject. Typically an Accent- light will separate a subject from a background. Examples would be a light shining onto a subject's hair to add a rim effect or shining onto a background to lift the tones of a background. There can be many accent lights in a shot, another example would be a spotlight on a handbag in a fashion shot.
When used for separation, i. Think in terms of a "Kiss of moonlight", rather than a "Strike of lightning", although there are no "shoulds" in photography and it is up to the photographer to decide on the authorship of their shot. A Kicker is a form of Accent- Light. Often used to give a backlit edge to a subject on the shadow side of the subject. Butterfly lightingButterfly lighting uses only two lights. The key light is placed directly in front of the subject, often above the camera or slightly to one side, and a bit higher than is common for a three- point lighting plan.
The second light is a rim light. Often a reflector is placed below the subject's face to provide fill light and soften shadows. This lighting may be recognized by the strong light falling on the forehead, the bridge of the nose, the upper cheeks, and by the distinct shadow below the nose that often looks rather like a butterfly and thus, provides the name for this lighting technique. Butterfly lighting was a favourite of famed Hollywood portraitist George Hurrell, which is why this style of lighting often is called, Paramount lighting, as well. Accessory lightsThese lights can be added to basic lighting plans to provide additional highlights or add background definition. Background lightsNot so much a part of the portrait lighting plan, but rather designed to provide illumination for the background behind the subject, background lights can pick out details in the background, provide a halo effect by illuminating a portion of a backdrop behind the subject's head, or turn the background pure white by filling it with light. Other lighting equipmentMost lights used in modern photography are a flash of some sort.
The lighting for portraiture is typically diffused by bouncing it from the inside of an umbrella, or by using a soft box. A soft box is a fabric box, encasing a photo strobe head, one side of which is made of translucent fabric. This provides a softer lighting for portrait work and is often considered more appealing than the harsh light often cast by open strobes. Hair and background lights are usually not diffused.
It is more important to control light spillage to other areas of the subject. Snoots, barn doors and flags or gobos help focus the lights exactly where the photographer wants them. Background lights are sometimes used with color gels placed in front of the light to create coloured backgrounds. Windowlight portraiture. Window light used to create soft light to the portrait. Windows as a source of light for portraits have been used for decades before artificial sources of light were discovered.
According to Arthur Hammond, amateur and professional photographers need only two things to light a portrait: a window and a reflector. Although window light limits options in portrait photography compared to artificial lights it gives ample room for experimentation for amateur photographers. A white reflector placed to reflect light into the darker side of the subject's face, will even the contrast. Shutter speeds may be slower than normal, requiring the use of a tripod, but the lighting will be beautifully soft and rich.The best time to take window light portrait is considered to be early hours of the day and late hours of afternoon when light is more intense on the window. Curtains, reflectors, and intensity reducing shields are used to give soft light. While mirrors and glasses can be used for high key lighting. At times colored glasses, filters and reflecting objects can be used to give the portrait desired color effects.
The composition of shadows and soft light gives window light portraits a distinct effect different from portraits made from artificial lights. While using window light, the positioning of the camera can be changed to give the desired effects. Such as positioning the camera behind the subject can produce a silhouette of the individual while being adjacent to the subject give a combination of shadows and soft light. And facing the subject from the same point of light source will produce high key effects with least shadows. Styles of portraitureThere are many different techniques for portrait photography. Often it is desirable to capture the subject's eyes and face in sharp focus while allowing other less important elements to be rendered in a soft focus.
At other times, portraits of individual features might be the focus of a composition such as the hands, eyes or part of the subject's torso. Additionally another style such as head shot has came out of the portraiture technique and has become a style on its own. Approaches to portraiture.
A constructionist romantic portrait of a young lady. There are essentially four approaches that can be taken in photographic portraiture â€” the constructionist, environmental, candid, and creative approach. Each has been used over time for different reasons be they technical, artistic or cultural. The constructionist approach is when the photographer in their portraiture constructs an idea around the portrait â€” happy family, romantic couple, trustworthy executive. It is the approach used in most studio and social photography. It is also used extensively in advertising and marketing when an idea has to be put across.
The environmental approach depicts the subject in their environment be that a work, leisure, social or family one. They are often shown as doing something, a teacher in a classroom, an artist in a studio, a child in a playground. With the environmental approach more is revealed about the subject. Environmental pictures can have good historical and social significance as primary sources of information. The candid approach is where people are photographed without their knowledge going about their daily business. Whilst this approach taken by the paparazzi is criticized and frowned upon for obvious reasons, less invasive and exploitative candid photography has given the world superb and important images of people in various situations and places over the last century. The images of Parisians by Doisneau and Cartier- Bresson demonstrate this approach.
As with environmental photography, candid photography is important as a historical source of information about people. The Creative Approach is where digital manipulation (and formerly darkroom manipulation) is brought to bear to produce wonderful pictures of people.
It is becoming a major form of portraiture as these techniques become more widely understood and used.
Here’s a quick video tutorial exploring the topic of focal length of lenses for portrait photography. I think it’s important to emphasise (as they do at the end of the video) that there are times when it’s good to shoot with a wide angle lens – but there are also some real benefits of longer focal lengths. The lens being used in the video is a Canon EF 7. L IS – one of my own favourite lenses also not only because of the focal length but how fast it is.